Meaning and Definition of Norms for JKSSB Supervisor Exam: Hey Aspirants, here we will discuss about the “Meaning and Definition of Norms for JKSSB Supervisor Exam” which is one of the important topic of JKSSB Social welfare Supervisor Competitive Exam. I hope it will help you a lot.
Meaning and Definition of Norms for JKSSB Supervisor Exam.
The concept of ‘social norms’ is of special interest for sociology because they constitute the very foundation of the social structure. The primary task of sociology is to discover the source of ‘order’ that society exhibits. Norms here, represent such a source of social order. No society and no social group can exist without Norms. Norms have made it possible the orderly social intercourse of people in societies. Hence, everywhere they serve the individual as guides to conduct. They are generally known as “standards of group behavior”.
The term ‘social norms’ is relatively a newcomer to the dictionary of sociology. M. Sherif in “The Psychology of Social Norms”, 1936, used the term for the first time to describe the common standards or ideas which guide members’ responses in all established groups. Today, the Word norm is very often used as a genetic term to represent folkways, mores, laws, customs, etc. If, today, some action is called a norm or normative it only emphasizes that it conforms to community expectations of behavior. The degrees of conformity may, however, vary very much.
MEANING AND DEFINITION OF NORMS
“ Social norms” refer to the group-shared standards of behavior. Norms represent “standardized generalization” concerning expected modes of behavior. They are based on social values. A norm is a pattern setting limits on individual behavior. Norms are the ‘blueprints’ for behavior.
They determine, guide, control and also predict human behavior.
Nouns are group-shared expectations. Such expectations are reflected in statements such as-“A good citizen always respects laws”, “A gentleman pays his debts”, “One is supposed to be quiet and respectful, and not to disturb others in a place , A lawyer must not produce damaging evidence in the court against his own client”, “A scientist must be a restless searcher of truth and free from prejudices”, “Any occupant of any profession must follow the professional ethics associated with it”, “He should not have done that.” Countless such norms govern our social life in all situations.
Definition of Norms
- According to Young and Mack, ‘norms’ refer to the “group-shared expectations”.
- According to H.M. Johnson, “A norm is an abstract pattern held in the mind, that sets certain limits for behavior”.
- Norm refer to “the rules that guide behavior in everyday situations and are derived from the value”- Donald Light Jr. and Suzanne Keller
- As Robert Bierstedt has pointed out, “A norm is a rule or standard that governs our conduct in” e social situations in which we participate.” He further writes that a norm can be treated as “a cultural Specification that guides our conduct in society.”
- “Social norms are rules developed by a group of people that specify how people must, should, may, ‘should ‘not and must not behave in various situations.”-G.R. Leslie, R.F. Larson and German.
Conclusion: It is clear from the above definition that norms can be understood as rules and regulations that groups live by. Norms are the means through which values are expressed in behavior.