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Meaning, Definition & Characteristics of Association for JKSSB Supervisor Exam.
Meaning of ASSOCIATION
We use the words association and institution very commonly in our daily talks. Sometimes these words are used interchangeably to mean one and the same. But these words are used in a specific way in sociology. Hence it is necessary for us to know the meaning and nature of and difference between these two terms. ’
Association as a Means of Pursuing Ends
Men have diverse needs, desires and interests and nds whch demand their satisfaction. They have three ways of fulfilling their ends.
Firstly, they may act independently, each in his own without bothering about others. This is unsocial and has its own limitations.
Secondly, men may seek their ends through conflicts with one another. One may clash with another or others to snatch things or objects which one wants from others.
Finally, men may try to fulfill their ends through co-operation and mutual assistance.
On the basis of this co-operative effort each individual will be contribute to the ends of his fellow-men. This co-operative pursuit has a reference to association. When group or collection of individuals organizes itself expressly for the purpose of pursuing certain interests together on a co-operative pursuit, an association is said to be born.
Definition of Association
(1) An association is “an organization deliberately formed for the collective pursuit of some interest, or a set of interests, which its members share”. (R.M. Maciver)
(2) An association is “a group of social beings related to one another by the fact that they possess or have institute in common an organization with a view to securing a specific end or specific ends”. ( Morris Ginsberg)
(3An Association is a group of people organized for the achievement of a particular interest.
(4) An association is “a group organized for the pursuit of an interest or group of interests in Common.”
Men have several interests. Hence they establish different associations to fulfill them. They have a number of associations of different kinds.
Characteristics of Association
The main characteristics of association are as follows :
- Association-a Human Group. An association is fanned or created by people. It is basically a social group. Without people there can be no association. However, all groups are not associations, because, an association is basically an organised group. An unorganised group like crowd or mob cannot be an association.
- Common Interest or Interests. An association is not merely a collection of individuals. It consists of those individuals who have more or less the same interests. Accordingly, those who have political interests may join political associations, and those who have religious interests may join religious associations, and so on.
- Co-operative Spirit. An association is based on the co-operative spirit of its members. People work together to achieve some definite purposes. For example, a political party has to work ‘together as a united group on the basis of co-operation in order to fulfill its objective of coming to power.
- Organization. Association denotes some kind of organization. An association is known essentially as an organized group. Organization gives stability and proper shape to an association. Organization refers to the way in which the statuses and roles are distributed among the members.
- Regulation of Relations. Every association has its own ways and means of regulating the relations of its members. Organization depends on this element of regulation. They may assume written or unwritten forms.