Structure and Function of United Nation Organs for JKSSB Exam.

Structure and Function of United Nation Organs for JKSSB Exam: Hello JKSSB Aspirants, In this post we will discuss about the “Structure and Function of United Nation Organs for JKSSB Exam” which is one of the important topic for jkssb competitive exam.

Structure and Function of United Nation Organs for JKSSB Exam.

The UN has 6 main organs.

1. The General Assembly.
2. The Security Council.
3. The Secretariat.
4. The Trusteeship Council.
5. The Economic & Social Coucil.
6. The International Court of Justice.

Structure and Function of United Nation Organs for JKSSB Exam.

The General Assemby (HQ- New York):

Composed of all member states, the maximum number of representatives from each-state is five (5).
Equal representation i.e Each State = one vote.
General Assembly is like world parliament, usually meets once a year.
Decisions are taken by a two-thirds majority.

Functions:

1. Appoints Secretary General of UN Based on the recommendations given by
security council.
2. Elects non-Permanent members in Security Council.
3. Elects members for social & Economic council.
4. Elects Judges to international court of justice
5. Decision on Important questions required special majority.
6. Main Delibrative organ of UN. 7. Oversee the budget of UN.

The Security Council (HQ – New York):

• The council has 15 member, 5 Permanent ( i.e; USA, Britain, France, Russia, China) and 10 Non-Permanent Members who are elected for two years by General Assembly.
• The Permanent Members have the power to veto any of the decisions being taken by the council.
• Security Council have power to make binding Decisions on member states, while other organs of UN only make recommendations to member states.
• All the members have One vote.
• Decisions on Procedural Matters should have vote of at least 9 of the 15 members.
• The Presidency of the security council rotates alphabetically each month.
• G4 Nation – 4 Countries bids for permanent seats in UNSC (i.e; Brazil, Germany, India and Japan) in counter to G4 there is coffee club headed by Italy who are opposing the expansion of permanent seats in UNSC.
• Primary responsibility of UNSC is to maintain international peace & security.

Powers of UNSC:

1. Powers were outlined in UN Charter.
2. Establishment of peacekeeping operations and international sanctions.
3. Authorization of military action.
4. Security council members must always be present at UNO Head Quarter.

Non-Permanent members of UNSC:

1. 10 Non permanent members elected.
2. Elected by General Assembly.
3. For two yrs terms starting on 1 january with five replaced each year.
4. Candidate must be receive at least 2/3 all votes.


Also Read :-  Rise, Objectives, Principles, Headquarters & Membership of United Nation (UN) for JKSSB Exams


The Secretariat (HQ- New York):

1. It carries out day to day functioning of UN.
2. Headed by Secretary General.
3. It is the administrate centre of UN.
4. Secretary General is appointed by General Assembly on the Recommendation of Security Council.
5. His term is five yrs & also eligible for re-election.
6. Secretary General is the chief Administrative officer of the UnitedNations.
7. He is assisted by a staff of international civil servants worldwide.
8. First Secretary General – TRYGVE LIE (Norway) 1946-53.
9. First vice-President General – LOUISE FRECHETTE.
10. Present Secretary General –

The Trusteeship Council (HQ – New York).

1. Trusteeship Council aims at helping countries under foreign rule to attainindependence.
2. It was formed in 1945.
3. The trusteeship council suspended operation on 1st November,1994, with the independence of “Polau”.

The Economic & Social Council (HQ – New York ( ECOSCO).

1. Main objective of this organ is to promote social progress and better standards of life.
2. Operations of World Health organization (WHO) and UNESCO were controlled by ECOSOC.
3. There are 12 Commissions working under ECOSOC.
4. Total members of ECOSOC are 54. 5. 18 Members are elected every year by the General Assembly for a team of 3 yrs (1/3 members retire each year).

ECOSOC has following concerns too.

1. The welfare of children & women’s development.
2. Promoting higher standard of living.
3. Economic and Social change.
4. Solving international Socio-Economic and health problems.
5. Promoting Universal human rights irrespective of race, caste, language or religion.

The Internation court of Justice (HQ – HAGVE)

1. It is primary judicial organ of the UN.
2. It was established in 1945.
3. It is composed of 15 judges from different countries each.
4. Term for judges is 9 yrs.
5. Elected by Security council and general assembly.
6. Clients of the court of justice are Members Countries.
7. Working language is English & French.
8. First Indian to become the Judge of ICJ was B.N.Rao.
9. ICJ gives advisory opinion on legal matters to the organs & special agencies of the UNO.
10. It also considers legal disputes brought before it by nation.

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